Common Grand Master Openings

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Openings arranged by Eco Code - Click on Name to read about Player and Eco Code to see the Openings

Eco Code A

Flank Openings

Mikhail BotvinnikA10English Opening: Anglo-Dutch Variation, Chabanon Gambit 1.c4 f5 2.Nf3 d6 3.e4
Vasily SmyslovA10English Opening: Anglo-Dutch Variation, Ferenc Gambit 1.c4 f5 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.e4
Tigran PetrosianA10English Opening: Anglo-Dutch Variation, Ferenc Gambit 1.c4 f5 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.e4
Mikhail BotvinnikA13English Opening: Agincourt Defense, Catalan Defense Semi-Slav Defense 1.c4 e6 2.Nf3 d5 3.g3 Nf6 4.Bg2 c6
Vasily SmyslovA13English Opening: Agincourt Defense, King's Knight 1.c4 e6 2.Nf3 d5
Mikhail TalA13English Opening: Anglo-Indian Defense, Queen's Indian Formation 1.c4 Nf6 2.Nf3 e6 3.g3 b6 4.Bg2 Bb7
Tigran PetrosianA13English Opening: Agincourt Defense, Catalan Defense Accepted 1.c4 e6 2.Nf3 d5 3.g3 Nf6 4.Bg2 dxc4
Vladimir KramnikA13English Opening: Agincourt Defense, Catalan Defense Accepted 1.c4 e6 2.Nf3 d5 3.g3 Nf6 4.Bg2 dxc4
Mikhail BotvinnikA14English Opening: Agincourt Defense, Neo Catalan Declined 1.c4 e6 2.Nf3 d5 3.g3 Nf6 4.Bg2 Be7 5.O-O
Vasily SmyslovA14English Opening: Agincourt Defense, Catalan Defense 1.c4 e6 2.Nf3 d5 3.g3 b6 4.Bg2 Bb7 5.O-O
Mikhail TalA14English Opening: Agincourt Defense, Catalan Defense 1.c4 e6 2.Nf3 d5 3.g3 b6 4.Bg2 Bb7 5.O-O
Tigran PetrosianA14English Opening: Agincourt Defense, Keres Defense 1.c4 e6 2.Nf3 d5 3.g3 Nf6 4.Bg2 Be7 5.O-O c5 6.cxd5 Nxd5 7.Nc3 Nc6
Vladimir KramnikA14English Opening: Agincourt Defense, Tarrasch Defense 1.c4 e6 2.Nf3 d5 3.g3 Nf6 4.Bg2 c5 5.b3 Nc6 6.O-O Be7
Mikhail BotvinnikA15English Opening: Anglo-Indian Defense, King's Indian Formation 1.c4 Nf6 2.Nf3 g6
Vasily SmyslovA15English Opening: Anglo-Indian Defense, King's Indian Formation 1.c4 Nf6 2.Nf3 g6
Mikhail TalA15English Opening: Anglo-Indian Defense, King's Indian Formation 1.c4 Nf6 2.Nf3 g6
Tigran PetrosianA15English Opening: Anglo-Indian Defense, King's Indian Formation Double Fianchetto 1.c4 Nf6 2.Nf3 g6 3.g3 b6 4.Bg2 Bb7
Vladimir KramnikA15English Opening: Anglo-Indian Defense, King's Indian Formation 1.c4 Nf6 2.Nf3 g6
Mikhail BotvinnikA16English Opening: Anglo-Indian Defense, Anglo-Grünfeld Variation 1.c4 Nf6 2.Nc3 d5 3.cxd5 Nxd5 4.g3 g6 5.Bg2 Nxc3
Mikhail TalA16English Opening: Anglo-Indian Defense, Anglo-Grünfeld Variation 1.c4 Nf6 2.Nc3 d5 3.cxd5 Nxd5 4.g3 g6 5.Bg2 Nb6
Tigran PetrosianA16English Opening: Anglo-Indian Defense, Anglo-Grünfeld Variation 1.c4 Nf6 2.Nc3 d5 3.cxd5 Nxd5 4.g3 g6 5.Bg2 Nxc3
Vladimir KramnikA16English Opening: Anglo-Indian Defense, Anglo-Grünfeld Variation 1.c4 Nf6 2.Nc3 d5 3.cxd5 Nxd5 4.g3 g6 5.Bg2 Nxc3
Vasily SmyslovA17English Opening: Anglo-Indian Defense, Queens Indian Formation 1.c4 Nf6 2.Nc3 e6 3.Nf3 b6
Mikhail TalA17English Opening: Anglo-Indian Defense, Anti-Anti-Grünfeld 1.c4 Nf6 2.Nc3 g6 3.Nf3 Bg7 4.e4
Vladimir KramnikA17English Opening: Anglo-Indian Defense, Nimzo-English Opening 1.c4 Nf6 2.Nc3 e6 3.Nf3 Bb4
Alexander AlekhineA40Queen Pawn Game: Queen Fianchetto 1.d4 b6
Tigran PetrosianA40Queen Pawn Game: Queen Fianchetto 1.d4 b6
Johannes ZukertortA46Torre Attack: Classical Defense 1.d4 Nf6 2.Nf3 e6 3.Bg5
Alexander AlekhineA46Indian Game: Polish Variation 1.d4 Nf6 2.Nf3 b5
Tigran PetrosianA46Torre Attack: Classical Defense, Petrosian Gambit 1.d4 Nf6 2.Nf3 e6 3.Bg5 c5 4.e3 b6 5.d5

Eco Code B

Semi-Open Games other than the French Defence

Mikhail TalB10Caro-Kann Defense: Breyer Variation, Stein Attack 1.e4 c6 2.d3 d5 3.Nd2 g6 4.g3 Bg7 5.Bg2 e5 6.Ngf3 Ne7 7.O-O O-O 8.b4
Bobby FischerB10Caro-Kann Defense 1.e4 c6
Mikhail TalB12Caro-Kann Defense: Mieses Attack, Landau Gambit 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Bd3 Nf6 4.e5 Nfd7 6.e6
Boris SpasskyB12Caro-Kann Defense: Advance Variation, Tal Variation 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.e5 Bf5 4.h4
Viswanathan AnandB12Caro-Kann Defense: Goldman Variation 1.e4 c6 2.Nc3 d5 3.Qf3
Mikhail TalB14Caro-Kann Defense: Panov Attack, Fianchetto Defense 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.exd5 cxd5 4.c4 Nf6 5.Nc3 g6
Boris SpasskyB14Caro-Kann Defense: Panov Attack 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.exd5 cxd5 4.c4 Nf6 5.Nc3 e6
Bobby FischerB14Caro-Kann Defense: Panov Attack 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.exd5 cxd5 4.c4 Nf6 5.Nc3 e6
Viswanathan AnandB14Caro-Kann Defense: Panov Attack 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.exd5 cxd5 4.c4 Nf6 5.Nc3 e6
Mikhail TalB17Caro-Kann Defense: Karpov Variation 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 dxe4 4.Nxe4 Nd7
Boris SpasskyB17Caro-Kann Defense: Karpov Variation, Smyslov Variation 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 dxe4 4.Nxe4 Nd7 5.Bc4 Ngf6 6.Ng5 e6 7.Qe2 Nb6
Bobby FischerB17Caro-Kann Defense: Karpov Variation 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 dxe4 4.Nxe4 Nd7
Viswanathan AnandB17Caro-Kann Defense: Karpov Variation, Modern Main Line 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 dxe4 4.Nxe4 Nd7 5.Ng5 Ngf6 6.Bd3 e6 7.N1f3 Bd6 8.Qe2 h6 9.Ne4 Nxe4 10.Qxe4
Mikhail TalB18Caro-Kann Defense: Classical Variation, Main lines 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 dxe4 4.Nxe4 Bf5 5.Ng3 Bg6 6.h4
Boris SpasskyB18Caro-Kann Defense: Classical Variation, Main lines 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 dxe4 4.Nxe4 Bf5 5.Ng3 Bg6 6.h4
Bobby FischerB18Caro-Kann Defense: Classical Variation, Main lines 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 dxe4 4.Nxe4 Bf5 5.Ng3 Bg6 6.h4
Viswanathan AnandB18Caro-Kann Defense: Classical Variation, Main lines 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 dxe4 4.Nxe4 Bf5 5.Ng3 Bg6 6.h4
Boris SpasskyB19Caro-Kann Defense: Classical, Spassky Variation 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 dxe4 4.Nxe4 Bf5 5.Ng3 Bg6 6.h4 h6 7.Nf3 Nd7 8.h5
Viswanathan AnandB19Caro-Kann Defense: Classical, Spassky Variation 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 dxe4 4.Nxe4 Bf5 5.Ng3 Bg6 6.h4 h6 7.Nf3 Nd7 8.h5
Adolf AnderssenB20Sicilian Defense 1.e4 c5
Paul MorphyB20Sicilian Defense 1.e4 c5
Alexander AlekhineB20Sicilian Defense: Lasker-Dunne Attack 1.e4 c5 2.g3
Boris SpasskyB20Sicilian Defense: Amazon Attack 1.e4 c5 2.Qg4
Adolf AnderssenB21Sicilian Defense: Smith-Morra Gambit, Accepted Classical Formation 1.e4 c5 2.d4 cxd4 3.c3 dxc3 4.Nxc3 Nc6 5.Nf3 d6 6.Bc4 a6 7.O-O Nf6
Paul MorphyB21Sicilian Defense: Smith-Morra Gambit, Accepted Classical Formation 1.e4 c5 2.d4 cxd4 3.c3 dxc3 4.Nxc3 Nc6 5.Nf3 d6 6.Bc4 a6 7.O-O Nf6
Johannes ZukertortB23Sicilian Defense: Closed Variation 1.e4 c5 2.Nc3
Vasily SmyslovB23Sicilian Defense: Marshall Gambit 1.e4 c5 2.Nc3 e6 3.d4 d5
Boris SpasskyB23Sicilian Defense: Closed Variation, Korchnoi Defense 1.e4 c5 2.Nc3 e6 3.g3 d5
Vasily SmyslovB24Sicilian Defense: Closed, Smyslov Variation 1.e4 c5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.g3 g6 4.Bg2 Bg7 5.d3 e6 6.Be3 Nd4 7.Nce2
Boris SpasskyB24Sicilian Defense: Closed, Smyslov Variation 1.e4 c5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.g3 g6 4.Bg2 Bg7 5.d3 e6 6.Be3 Nd4 7.Nce2
Anatoly KarpovB24Sicilian Defense: Closed, Smyslov Variation 1.e4 c5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.g3 g6 4.Bg2 Bg7 5.d3 e6 6.Be3 Nd4 7.Nce2
Garry KasparovB30Sicilian Defense: Closed Sicilian, Anti-Sveshnikov Variation Kharlov-Kramnik Line 1.e4 c5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.Nf3 e5 4.Bc4 d6 5.d3 Be7 6.Nd2 Bg5
Vladimir KramnikB30Sicilian Defense: Closed Sicilian, Anti-Sveshnikov Variation Kharlov-Kramnik Line 1.e4 c5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.Nf3 e5 4.Bc4 d6 5.d3 Be7 6.Nd2 Bg5
Viswanathan AnandB30Sicilian Defense: Closed Sicilian, Anti-Sveshnikov Variation Kharlov-Kramnik Line 1.e4 c5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.Nf3 e5 4.Bc4 d6 5.d3 Be7 6.Nd2 Bg5
Magnus CarlsenB30Sicilian Defense: Closed Sicilian, Anti-Sveshnikov Variation Kharlov-Kramnik Line 1.e4 c5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.Nf3 e5 4.Bc4 d6 5.d3 Be7 6.Nd2 Bg5
Adolf AnderssenB32Sicilian Defense: Old Sicilian, Open 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4
Emanuel LaskerB32Sicilian Defense: Old Sicilian, Open 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4
Mikhail TalB32Sicilian Defense: Flohr Variation 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Qc7
Bobby FischerB32Sicilian Defense: Old Sicilian, Open 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4
Viswanathan AnandB32Sicilian Defense: Old Sicilian, Open 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4
Garry KasparovB33Sicilian Defense: Lasker-Pelikan Variation, Schlechter Variation 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 e5 6.Nb3
Vladimir KramnikB33Sicilian Defense: Lasker-Pelikan Variation, Bird Variation 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 e5 6.Ndb5 d6 7.Bg5 a6 8.Na3 Be6
Viswanathan AnandB33Sicilian Defense: Lasker-Pelikan Variation 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 e5
Paul MorphyB40Sicilian Defense: French Variation 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6
Johannes ZukertortB40Sicilian Defense: French Variation, Open 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.d4 cxd4
Emanuel LaskerB40Sicilian Defense: Smith-Morra Gambit Deferred 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.d4 cxd4 4.c3
Alexander AlekhineB40Sicilian Defense: Smith-Morra Gambit Deferred 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.d4 cxd4 4.c3
Vasily SmyslovB40Sicilian Defense: French Variation, Normal 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6
Mikhail TalB40Sicilian Defense: French Variation, Normal 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6
Garry KasparovB40Sicilian Defense: French Variation, Normal 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6
Magnus CarlsenB40Sicilian Defense: French Variation, Open 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.d4 cxd4
Boris SpasskyB42Sicilian Defense: Kan, Gipslis Variation 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 a6 5.Bd3 Nf6 6.O-O d6 7.c4 g6
Viswanathan AnandB42Sicilian Defense: Kan Variation, Modern Variation 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 a6 5.Bd3
Adolf AnderssenB43Sicilian Defense: Kan Variation, Knight Variation 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 a6 5.Nc3
Johannes ZukertortB43Sicilian Defense: Kan Variation, Wing Attack 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 a6 5.Nc3 b5
Mikhail TalB43Sicilian Defense: Kan Variation, Knight Variation 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 a6 5.Nc3
Magnus CarlsenB43Sicilian Defense: Kan Variation, Wing Attack 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 a6 5.Nc3 b5
Paul MorphyB44Sicilian Defense: Paulsen Variation 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nc6
Alexander AlekhineB44Sicilian Defense: Paulsen Variation, Gary Gambit 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nc6 5.Nb5 d6 6.c4 Nf6 7.N1c3 a6 8.Na3 d5
Bobby FischerB44Sicilian Defense: Paulsen Variation, Gary Gambit 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nc6 5.Nb5 d6 6.c4 Nf6 7.N1c3 a6 8.Na3 d5
Anatoly KarpovB44Sicilian Defense: Paulsen Variation 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nc6
Adolf AnderssenB45Sicilian Defense: Four Knights Variation 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 Nc6
Johannes ZukertortB45Sicilian Defense: Four Knights Variation, Exchange Variation 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 Nc6 6.Nxc6
Emanuel LaskerB45Sicilian Defense: Four Knights Variation, Cobra Variation 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 Nc6 6.Ndb5 Bc5
Johannes ZukertortB46Sicilian Defense: Paulsen Variation 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nc6 5.Nc3 a6
Mikhail TalB46Sicilian Defense: Paulsen Variation 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nc6 5.Nc3 a6
Magnus CarlsenB46Sicilian Defense: Paulsen Variation 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nc6 5.Nc3 a6
Emanuel LaskerB58Sicilian Defense: Classical Variation, Dragon Transfer 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 Nc6 6.Be2 Nxd4 7.Qxd4 g6
Vasily SmyslovB58Sicilian Defense: Classical Variation 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 Nc6 6.Be2
Vladimir KramnikB58Sicilian Defense: Classical Variation, Dragon Transfer 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 Nc6 6.Be2 Nxd4 7.Qxd4 g6
Bobby FischerB90Sicilian Defense: Najdorf Variation 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6
Vladimir KramnikB90Sicilian Defense: Najdorf, Lipnitzky Attack 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Bc4
Viswanathan AnandB90Sicilian Defense: Najdorf Variation, English Attack 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Be3
Viswanathan AnandB90Sicilian Defense: Najdorf Variation, Adams Attack 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.h3
Magnus CarlsenB90Sicilian Defense: Najdorf Variation, Adams Attack 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.h3
Vasily SmyslovB92Sicilian Defense: Najdorf Variation, Opocensky Variation 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Be2
Anatoly KarpovB92Sicilian Defense: Najdorf Variation, Opocensky Variation 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Be2
Viswanathan AnandB92Sicilian Defense: Najdorf Variation, Opocensky Variation 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Be2

Eco Code C

Open Games and the French Defence

Wilhelm SteinitzC00French Defense: Steiner Variation 1.e4 e6 2.c4
Johannes ZukertortC00French Defense: Wing Gambit 1.e4 e6 2.Nf3 d5 3.e5 c5 4.b4
Emanuel LaskerC00French Defense: Two Knights Variation 1.e4 e6 2.Nc3 d5 3.Nf3
Jose Raul CapablancaC00French Defense: Queen's Knight 1.e4 e6 2.Nc3
Magnus CarlsenC00French Defense: Steiner Variation 1.e4 e6 2.c4
Adolf AnderssenC01French Defense: Exchange Variation 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.exd5
Wilhelm SteinitzC01French Defense: Morphy Gambit 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nh3
Johannes ZukertortC01French Defense: Winawer Variation, Delayed Exchange Variation 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.exd5
Emanuel LaskerC01French Defense: Morphy Gambit 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nh3
Jose Raul CapablancaC01French Defense: Morphy Gambit 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nh3
Alexander AlekhineC01French Defense: Exchange Variation, Svenonius Variation 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.exd5 exd5 4.Nc3 Nf6 5.B
Wilhelm SteinitzC02French Defense: Advance, Steinitz Variation 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.e5 c5 4.dxc5
Max EuweC02French Defense: Advance Variation, Main Line 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.e5 c5 4.c3 Nc6 5.Nf3 Qb6 6.a3
Magnus CarlsenC02French Defense: Advance, Steinitz Variation 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.e5 c5 4.dxc5
Alexander AlekhineC07French Defense: Tarrasch Variation, Open System 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nd2 c5
Max EuweC07French Defense: Tarrasch Variation, Open System Suechting Line 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nd2 c5 4.c3
Mikhail TalC07French Defense: Tarrasch Variation, Open System 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nd2 c5
Adolf AnderssenC10French Defense: Normal Variation 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3
Wilhelm SteinitzC10French Defense: Rubinstein Variation 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 dxe4
Emanuel LaskerC10French Defense: Rubinstein Variation, Capablanca Line 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 dxe4 4.Nxe4 Nd7 5.Nf3 Ngf6 6.Nxf6+ Nxf6 7.Ne5
Viswanathan AnandC10French Defense: Rubinstein Variation, Kasparov Attack 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 dxe4 4.Nxe4 Nd7 5.Nf3 Ngf6 6.Nxf6+ Nxf6 7.c3
Magnus CarlsenC10French Defense: Rubinstein Variation, Kasparov Attack 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 dxe4 4.Nxe4 Nd7 5.Nf3 Ngf6 6.Nxf6+ Nxf6 7.c3
Adolf AnderssenC11French Defense: Classical Variation 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Nf6
Wilhelm SteinitzC11French Defense: Steinitz, Brodsky-Jones Variation 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.e5 Nfd7 5.f4 c5 6.dxc5 Nc6 7.a3 Bxc5 8.Qg4 O-O 9.Nf3 f6
Johannes ZukertortC11French Defense: Steinitz Variation 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.e5 Nfd7 5.f4 c5 6.Nf3
Emanuel LaskerC11French Defense: Classical Variation, Burn Variation Main Line 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 dxe4 5.Nxe4 Be7 6.Bxf6 Bxf6 7.Nf3 O-O
Jose Raul CapablancaC11French Defense: Steinitz Variation, Bradford Attack Variation 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.e5 Nfd7 5.f4 c5 6.dxc5 Bxc5 7.Qg4
Alexander AlekhineC11French Defense: Classical Variation 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Nf6
Max EuweC11French Defense: Classical Variation, Burn Variation 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 dxe4
Boris SpasskyC11French Defense: Classical Variation, Burn Variation 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 dxe4
Bobby FischerC11French Defense: Classical Variation, Steinitz Variation 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.e5
Viswanathan AnandC11French Defense: Classical Variation 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Nf6
Magnus CarlsenC11French Defense: Classical Variation, Burn Variation Main Line 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 dxe4 5.Nxe4 Be7 6.Bxf6 Bxf6 7.Nf3 O-O
Wilhelm SteinitzC12French Defense: MacCutcheon Variation, Bernstein Variation 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 Bb4 5.e5 h6 6.Bh4
Emanuel LaskerC12French Defense: MacCutcheon Variation, Lasker Variation 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 Bb4 5.e5 h6 6.Bd2 Bxc3
Jose Raul CapablancaC12French Defense: MacCutcheon Variation, Lasker Variation 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 Bb4 5.e5 h6 6.Bd2 Bxc3
Max EuweC12French Defense: MacCutcheon, Advance Variation 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 Bb4 5.e5
Viswanathan AnandC12French Defense: MacCutcheon Variation, Chigorin Variation 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 Bb4 5.e5 h6 6.exf6
Adolf AnderssenC13French Defense: Classical Variation, Normal Variation 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 Be7
Wilhelm SteinitzC13French Defense: Classical Variation, Normal Variation 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 Be7
Emanuel LaskerC13French Defense: Classical Variation 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 Be7 5.e5 Nfd7 6.Bxe7 Qxe7
Alexander AlekhineC13French Defense: Alekhine-Chatard Attack, Spielmann Variation 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 Be7 5.e5 Nfd7 6.h4 O-O
Max EuweC13French Defense: Classical Variation, Normal Variation 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 Be7
Adolf AnderssenC14French Defense: Classical Variation 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 Be7 5.e5 Nfd7 6.Bxe7 Qxe7
Johannes ZukertortC14French Defense: Classical Variation, Steinitz Variation 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 Be7 5.e5 Nfd7 6.Bxe7 Qxe7 7.f4
Emanuel LaskerC14French Defense: Classical Variation, Steinitz Variation 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 Be7 5.e5 Nfd7 6.Bxe7 Qxe7 7.f4
Jose Raul CapablancaC14French Defense: Classical Variation, Pollock Variation 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 Be7 5.e5 Nfd7 6.Bxe7 Qxe7 7.Qg4
Johannes ZukertortC15French Defense: Winawer Variation, Alekhine Gambit Accepted 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.Nge2 dxe4 5.a3 Bxc3+
Alexander AlekhineC15French Defense: Winawer, Alekhine Gambit, Alatortsev Variation 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.Nge2 dxe4 5.a3 Be7 6.Nxe4 Nf6 7.N2g3 O-O 8.Be2 Nc6
Bobby FischerC15French Defense: Winawer, Alekhine Gambit, Alatortsev Variation 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.Nge2 dxe4 5.a3 Be7 6.Nxe4 Nf6 7.N2g3 O-O 8.Be2 Nc6
Mikhail TalC16French Defense: Winawer Variation, Advance Variation 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.e5
Boris SpasskyC16French Defense: Winawer Variation, Petrosian Variation 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.e5 Qd7
Bobby FischerC16French Defense: Winawer Variation, Petrosian Variation 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.e5 Qd7
Boris SpasskyC17French Defense: Winawer Variation, Advance Variation 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.e5 c5 5.a3 cxd4 6.axb4 dxc3 7.Nf3
Bobby FischerC17French Defense: Winawer Variation, Advance Variation 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.e5 c5 5.a3 cxd4 6.axb4 dxc3 7.Nf3
Mikhail TalC18French Defense: Winawer Variation, Advance Variation 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.e5 c5 5.a3 Bxc3+ 6.bxc3
Boris SpasskyC18French Defense: Winawer Variation, Advance Variation 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.e5 c5 5.a3 Bxc3+ 6.bxc3 Ne7
Bobby FischerC18French Defense: Winawer Variation, Classical Variation 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.e5 c5 5.a3 Bxc3+ 6.bxc3 Qc7
Viswanathan AnandC18French Defense: Winawer Variation, Classical Variation 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.e5 c5 5.a3 Bxc3+ 6.bxc3 Qc7
Boris SpasskyC19French Defense: Winawer Variation, Advance Variation 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.e5 c5 5.a3 Bxc3+ 6.bxc3 Ne7 7.a4
Bobby FischerC19French Defense: Winawer Variation, Positional Variation 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.e5 c5 5.a3 Bxc3+ 6.bxc3 Ne7 7.Nf3
Viswanathan AnandC19French Defense: Winawer Variation, Advance Variation 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.e5 c5 5.a3 Bxc3+ 6.bxc3 Ne7 7.a4
Wilhelm SteinitzC25Vienna Game: Vienna Gambit, Steinitz Gambit Paulsen Defense 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.f4 exf4 4.d4 Qh4+ 5.Ke2 d6
Johannes ZukertortC25Vienna Game: Vienna Gambit, Steinitz Gambit Knight Variation 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.f4 exf4 4.Nf3
Wilhelm SteinitzC26Vienna Game: Mieses Variation 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.g3
Johannes ZukertortC26Vienna Game: Stanley Variation 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.Bc4
Wilhelm SteinitzC28Vienna Game: Vienna Gambit, Steinitz Gambit Main Line 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.f4 exf4 4.d4 Qh4+ 5.Ke2
Johannes ZukertortC28Vienna Game: Vienna Gambit, Steinitz Gambit Main Line 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.f4 exf4 4.d4 Qh4+ 5.Ke2
Wilhelm SteinitzC29Vienna Game: Vienna Gambit, Steinitz Variation 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.f4 d5 4.d3
Johannes ZukertortC29Vienna Game: Vienna Gambit, Steinitz Variation 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.f4 d5 4.d3
Paul MorphyC30King's Gambit Declined: Classical Variation 1.e4 e5 2.f4 Bc5
Wilhelm SteinitzC30King's Gambit Declined: Classical Variation 1.e4 e5 2.f4 Bc5
Emanuel LaskerC30King's Gambit Declined: Classical Variation 1.e4 e5 2.f4 Bc5
Paul MorphyC31King's Gambit: Falkbeer CounterGambit, Anderssen Attack 1.e4 e5 2.f4 d5 3.exd5 e4 4.Bb5+
Wilhelm SteinitzC31King's Gambit: Falkbeer CounterGambit, Anderssen Attack 1.e4 e5 2.f4 d5 3.exd5 e4 4.Bb5+
Emanuel LaskerC31King's Gambit: Falkbeer CounterGambit, Anderssen Attack 1.e4 e5 2.f4 d5 3.exd5 e4 4.Bb5+
Adolf AnderssenC33King's Gambit Accepted 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4
Paul MorphyC33King's Gambit Accepted 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4
Wilhelm SteinitzC33King's Gambit Accepted 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4
Emanuel LaskerC33King's Gambit Accepted 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4
Paul MorphyC35King's Gambit: Accepted, Cunningham Defense 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 Be7
Wilhelm SteinitzC35King's Gambit: Accepted, Cunningham Defense 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 Be7
Emanuel LaskerC35King's Gambit: Accepted, Cunningham Defense 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 Be7
Howard StauntonC37King's Gambit: Accepted, Lolli Gambit 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 g4 5.Bxf7+
Adolf AnderssenC37King's Gambit: Accepted, King's Knight Gambit 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4
Paul MorphyC37King's Gambit: Accepted, King's Knight Gambit 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4
Wilhelm SteinitzC37King's Gambit: Accepted, King's Knight Gambit 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4
Emanuel LaskerC37King's Gambit: Accepted, King's Knight Gambit 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4
Howard StauntonC38King's Gambit: Accepted, Traditional Variation 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 Bg7
Adolf AnderssenC38King's Gambit: Accepted, Traditional Variation 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 Bg7
Paul MorphyC38King's Gambit: Accepted, Traditional Variation 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 Bg7
Wilhelm SteinitzC38King's Gambit: Accepted, Traditional Variation 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 Bg7
Emanuel LaskerC38King's Gambit: Accepted, Traditional Variation 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 Bg7
Adolf AnderssenC39King's Gambit: Accepted, Kieseritsky Gambit Anderssen Defense 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ne5 Nf6 6.Bc4 d5 7.exd5 Bd6
Paul MorphyC39King's Gambit: Accepted, Kieseritsky Gambit Anderssen Defense 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ne5 Nf6 6.Bc4 d5 7.exd5 Bd6
Wilhelm SteinitzC39King's Gambit: Accepted, Kieseritsky Gambit Anderssen Defense 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ne5 Nf6 6.Bc4 d5 7.exd5 Bd6
Emanuel LaskerC39King's Gambit: Accepted, Kieseritsky Gambit Anderssen Defense 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ne5 Nf6 6.Bc4 d5 7.exd5 Bd6
Howard StauntonC40King Pawn Game: Busch-Gass Gambit, Chiodini Gambit 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Bc5 3.Nxe5 Nc6
Paul MorphyC40King Pawn Game: Busch-Gass Gambit, Chiodini Gambit 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Bc5 3.Nxe5 Nc6
Howard StauntonC44King Pawn Game: Dresden Opening 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.c4
Paul MorphyC44King Pawn Game: Tayler Opening, Basman Gambit 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Be2 Nf6 4.d4 exd4 5.e5
Howard StauntonC51Italian Game: Evans Gambit 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4
Adolf AnderssenC51Italian Game: Evans Gambit 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4
Paul MorphyC51Italian Game: Evans Gambit 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4
Wilhelm SteinitzC51Italian Game: Evans Gambit 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4
Johannes ZukertortC51Italian Game: Evans Gambit 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4
Howard StauntonC52Italian Game: Evans Gambit, Main Line 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4 Bxb4 5.c3 Ba5
Adolf AnderssenC52Italian Game: Evans Gambit, Main Line 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4 Bxb4 5.c3 Ba5
Paul MorphyC52Italian Game: Evans Gambit, Main Line 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4 Bxb4 5.c3 Ba5
Wilhelm SteinitzC52Italian Game: Evans Gambit, Main Line 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4 Bxb4 5.c3 Ba5
Johannes ZukertortC52Italian Game: Evans Gambit, Main Line 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4 Bxb4 5.c3 Ba5
Emanuel LaskerC62Ruy Lopez: Steinitz Defense, Nimzowitsch Attack 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 d6 4.d4 Bd7 5.Nc3 Nf6 6.Bxc6
Jose Raul CapablancaC62Ruy Lopez: Steinitz Defense, Center Gambit 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 d6 4.d4 exd4 5.O-O
Alexander AlekhineC62Ruy Lopez: Steinitz Defense, Center Gambit 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 d6 4.d4 exd4 5.O-O
Max EuweC62Ruy Lopez: Steinitz Defense, Center Gambit 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 d6 4.d4 exd4 5.O-O
Johannes ZukertortC64Ruy Lopez: Classical Variation, Zukertort Gambit 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Bc5 4.O-O Nf6 5.c3
Emanuel LaskerC64Ruy Lopez: Classical Variation, Zukertort Gambit 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Bc5 4.O-O Nf6 5.c3
Howard StauntonC65Ruy Lopez: Berlin Defense: Mortimer trap 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nf6 4.d3 Ne7 5.Nxe5 c6
Adolf AnderssenC65Ruy Lopez: Berlin Defense, Anderssen Variation 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nf6 4.d3 d6 5.Bxc6+
Johannes ZukertortC65Ruy Lopez: Berlin Defense, Anderssen Variation 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nf6 4.d3 d6 5.Bxc6+
Magnus CarlsenC65Ruy Lopez: Berlin Defense, Anderssen Variation 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nf6 4.d3 d6 5.Bxc6+
Emanuel LaskerC66Ruy Lopez: Closed Berlin Defense: Chigorin Variation 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nf6 4.O-O d6 5.d4 Nd7
Jose Raul CapablancaC66Ruy Lopez: Berlin Defense, Improved Steinitz Defense 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nf6 4.O-O d6
Johannes ZukertortC67Ruy Lopez: Berlin Defense, Zukertort Variation 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nf6 4.O-O Nxe4 5.d4 Be7 6.Qe2 Nd6 7.Bxc6 bxc6 8.dxe5 Nb7 9.c4
Emanuel LaskerC67Ruy Lopez: Berlin Defense, Rio de Janeiro Variation 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nf6 4.O-O Nxe4 5.d4 Be7
Jose Raul CapablancaC67Ruy Lopez: Berlin Defense, Berlin Wall J, Rogers Line 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nf6 4.O-O Nxe4 5.d4 Nd6 6.Bxc6 dxc6 7.dxe5 Nf5 8.Qxd8+ Kxd8 9.Nc3 Bd7
Boris SpasskyC67Ruy Lopez: Berlin Defense, Rio de Janeiro Variation 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nf6 4.O-O Nxe4 5.d4 Be7
Garry KasparovC67Ruy Lopez: Berlin Defense, Berlin Wall J, Rogers Line 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nf6 4.O-O Nxe4 5.d4 Nd6 6.Bxc6 dxc6 7.dxe5 Nf5 8.Qxd8+ Kxd8 9.Nc3 Bd7
Viswanathan AnandC67Ruy Lopez: Berlin Defense, Berlin Wall J, Rogers Line 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nf6 4.O-O Nxe4 5.d4 Nd6 6.Bxc6 dxc6 7.dxe5 Nf5 8.Qxd8+ Kxd8 9.Nc3 Bd7
Magnus CarlsenC67Ruy Lopez: Berlin Defense, Pillsbury Variation 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nf6 4.O-O Nxe4 5.d4 Be7 6.Qe2 Nd6 7.Bxc6 bxc6 8.dxe5 Nb7 9.b3
Emanuel LaskerC68Ruy Lopez: Exchange Variation, King's Bishop Variation 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Bxc6 dxc6 5.O-O Bd6
Alexander AlekhineC68Ruy Lopez: Exchange Variation, Alekhine Variation 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Bxc6 dxc6 5.d4 exd4 6.Qxd4 Qxd4 7.Nxd4 Bd6
Adolf AnderssenC70Ruy Lopez: Morphy Defense, Alapin's Defense Deferred 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Bb4
Johannes ZukertortC70Ruy Lopez: Morphy Defense, Classical Defense Deferred 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Bc5
Howard StauntonC77Ruy Lopez: Morphy Defense, Duras Variation 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.d3 d6 6.c4
Adolf AnderssenC77Ruy Lopez: Morphy Defense, Anderssen Variation 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.d3
Johannes ZukertortC77Ruy Lopez: Morphy Defense, Anderssen Variation 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.d3
Alexander AlekhineC77Ruy Lopez: Morphy Defense, Anderssen Variation 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.d3
Vasily SmyslovC77Ruy Lopez: Morphy Defense, Anderssen Variation 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.d3
Boris SpasskyC77Ruy Lopez: Morphy Defense, Anderssen Variation 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.d3
Viswanathan AnandC78Ruy Lopez: Morphy Defense 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O b5 6.Bb3 d6
Magnus CarlsenC78Ruy Lopez: Closed Variations, Morphy Attack 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Nc3
Anatoly KarpovC80Ruy Lopez: Open Variations, Main Lines 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Nxe4 6.d4 b5 7.Bb3 d5 8.dxe5 Be6
Garry KasparovC80Ruy Lopez: Morphy Defense, Tartakower Variation 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Nxe4 6.Qe2
Jose Raul CapablancaC83Ruy Lopez: Open Variations, Classical Defense Main Line 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Nxe4 6.d4 b5 7.Bb3 d5 8.dxe5 Be6 9.c3 Be7 10.Re1
Alexander AlekhineC83Ruy Lopez: Open Variations, Classical Defense Main Line 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Nxe4 6.d4 b5 7.Bb3 d5 8.dxe5 Be6 9.c3 Be7 10.Re1
Max EuweC83Ruy Lopez: Open Variations, Classical Defense Main Line 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Nxe4 6.d4 b5 7.Bb3 d5 8.dxe5 Be6 9.c3 Be7 10.Re1
Mikhail TalC84Ruy Lopez: Closed Variations, Center Attack 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.d4
Anatoly KarpovC84Ruy Lopez: Closed Variations, Center Attack 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.d4
Garry KasparovC84Ruy Lopez: Closed Variations, Center Attack 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.d4
Viswanathan AnandC84Ruy Lopez: Closed Variations, Center Attack 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.d4
Magnus CarlsenC84Ruy Lopez: Closed Variations, Center Attack 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.d4
Alexander AlekhineC86Ruy Lopez: Closed Variations, Worrall Attack Caslting line 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Qe2 b5 7.Bb3 O-O
Max EuweC86Ruy Lopez: Closed Variations, Worrall Attack Caslting line 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Qe2 b5 7.Bb3 O-O
Jose Raul CapablancaC88Ruy Lopez: Closed 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3
Viswanathan AnandC88Ruy Lopez: Closed 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3
Viswanathan AnandC88Ruy Lopez: Closed, 7...O-O 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 O-O
Magnus CarlsenC88Ruy Lopez: Closed Variations, Rosen Attack 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 d6 8.d4
Bobby FischerC89Ruy Lopez: Marshall Attack, Original Marshall Attack 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 O-O 8.c3 d5 9.exd5 Nxd5 10.Nxe5 Nxe5 11.Rxe5 Nf6
Viswanathan AnandC89Ruy Lopez: Marshall Attack, Main Line 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 O-O 8.c3 d5 9.exd5 Nxd5 10.Nxe5 Nxe5 11.Rxe5 c6 12.d4
Viswanathan AnandC89Ruy Lopez: Marshall Attack, Modern Main Line 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 O-O 8.c3 d5 9.exd5 Nxd5 10.Nxe5 Nxe5 11.Rxe5 c6 12.d4 Bd6 13.Re1 Qh4 14.g3 Qh3
Vasily SmyslovC92Ruy Lopez: Closed Variations 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 O-O 8.c3 d6 9.h3
Mikhail TalC92Ruy Lopez: Closed Variations 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 O-O 8.c3 d6 9.h3
Boris SpasskyC92Ruy Lopez: Closed Variations 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 O-O 8.c3 d6 9.h3
Boris SpasskyC92Ruy Lopez: Closed Variations 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 O-O 8.c3 d6 9.h3
Bobby FischerC92Ruy Lopez: Closed Variations 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 O-O 8.c3 d6 9.h3
Bobby FischerC92Ruy Lopez: Closed Variations 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 O-O 8.c3 d6 9.h3
Anatoly KarpovC92Ruy Lopez: Closed Variations 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 O-O 8.c3 d6 9.h3
Garry KasparovC92Ruy Lopez: Closed Variations 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 O-O 8.c3 d6 9.h3
Viswanathan AnandC92Ruy Lopez: Closed Variations, Keres Defense 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 O-O 8.c3 d6 9.h3 a5
Mikhail TalC93Ruy Lopez: Closed Variations, Smyslov Defense 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 O-O 8.c3 d6 9.h3 h6
Boris SpasskyC93Ruy Lopez: Closed Variations, Smyslov Defense 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 O-O 8.c3 d6 9.h3 h6
Mikhail TalC95Ruy Lopez: Closed Variations, Breyer Defense 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 O-O 8.c3 d6 9.h3 Nb8 10.d4 Nbd7 11.Nbd2 Bb7 12.Bc2 c5
Boris SpasskyC95Ruy Lopez: Closed, Breyer, 10.d4 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 O-O 8.c3 d6 9.h3 Nb8 10.d4
Boris SpasskyC95Ruy Lopez: Morphy Defense, Breyer Defense Zaitsev Hybrid 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 O-O 8.c3 d6 9.h3 Nb8 10.d4 Nbd7
Bobby FischerC95Ruy Lopez: Morphy Defense, Breyer Defense Zaitsev Hybrid 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 O-O 8.c3 d6 9.h3 Nb8 10.d4 Nbd7
Bobby FischerC95Ruy Lopez: Closed Variations, Breyer Defense 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 O-O 8.c3 d6 9.h3 Nb8 10.d4 Nbd7 11.Nh4
Anatoly KarpovC95Ruy Lopez: Morphy Defense, Breyer Defense Zaitsev Hybrid 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 O-O 8.c3 d6 9.h3 Nb8 10.d4 Nbd7
Viswanathan AnandC95Ruy Lopez: Closed, Breyer, 10.d4 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 O-O 8.c3 d6 9.h3 Nb8 10.d4
Mikhail TalC96Ruy Lopez: Closed Variations, Closed Defense 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 O-O 8.c3 d6 9.h3 Na5 10.Bc2 c5
Boris SpasskyC96Ruy Lopez: Closed Variations, Closed Defense 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 O-O 8.c3 d6 9.h3 Na5 10.Bc2
Vasily SmyslovC97Ruy Lopez: Closed Variations, Chigorin Defense 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 O-O 8.c3 d6 9.h3 Na5 10.Bc2 c5 11.d4 Qc7
Bobby FischerC97Ruy Lopez: Closed Variations, Chigorin Defense 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 O-O 8.c3 d6 9.h3 Na5 10.Bc2 c5 11.d4 Qc7
Bobby FischerC97Ruy Lopez: Closed Variations, Chigorin Defense 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 O-O 8.c3 d6 9.h3 Na5 10.Bc2 c5 11.d4 Qc7
Garry KasparovC97Ruy Lopez: Closed Variations, Chigorin Defense 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 O-O 8.c3 d6 9.h3 Na5 10.Bc2 c5 11.d4 Qc7
Boris SpasskyC98Ruy Lopez: Closed Variations, Chigorin Defense 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 O-O 8.c3 d6 9.h3 Na5 10.Bc2 c5 11.d4 Qc7 12.Nbd2 Nc6
Bobby FischerC98Ruy Lopez: Closed Variations, Chigorin Defense 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 O-O 8.c3 d6 9.h3 Na5 10.Bc2 c5 11.d4 Qc7 12.Nbd2 Nc6
Bobby FischerC98Ruy Lopez: Closed Variations, Chigorin Defense 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 O-O 8.c3 d6 9.h3 Na5 10.Bc2 c5 11.d4 Qc7 12.Nbd2 Nc6

Eco Code D

Closed Games and Semi-Closed Games

Johannes ZukertortD00Queen Pawn Game: Steinitz CounterGambit 1.d4 d5 2.Bf4 c5
Jose Raul CapablancaD00Queen Pawn Game: Veresov Atack, Fianchetto Defense 1.d4 d5 2.Nc3 g6 3.Nf3 Bg7
Alexander AlekhineD00Blackmar-Diemer Gambit: Bogoljubow Variation, Studier Attack 1.d4 d5 2.e4 dxe4 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.f3 exf3 5.Nxf3 g6 6.Bc4 Bg7 7.O-O O-O 8.Qe1
Johannes ZukertortD02Queen Pawn Game: Zukertort Variation 1.d4 d5 2.Nf3
Jose Raul CapablancaD02Queen Pawn Game: Zukertort Variation 1.d4 d5 2.Nf3
Alexander AlekhineD02London System: Poisoned Pawn Variation 1.d4 d5 2.Nf3 Nf6 3.Bf4 c5 4.e3 Qb6 5.Nc3
Tigran PetrosianD02Queen Pawn Game: Chigorin Variation 1.d4 d5 2.Nf3 Nc6
Johannes ZukertortD04Queen Pawn Game: Colle System 1.d4 d5 2.Nf3 Nf6 3.e3
Jose Raul CapablancaD04Queen Pawn Game: Colle System, Anti-Colle 1.d4 d5 2.Nf3 Nf6 3.e3 Bf5
Johannes ZukertortD05Queen's pawn game, Zukertort Variation 1.d4 d5 2.Nf3 Nf6 3.e3 e6 4.Nbd2 c5 5.b3
Jose Raul CapablancaD05Colle System: Traditional Colle 1.d4 d5 2.Nf3 Nf6 3.e3 e6 4.Bd3 c5 5.c3
Tigran PetrosianD05Colle System 1.d4 d5 2.Nf3 Nf6 3.e3 e6 4.Bd3
Mikhail BotvinnikD10Slav Defense 1.d4 d5 2.c4 c6
Garry KasparovD10Slav Defense: Exchange Variation 1.d4 d5 2.c4 c6 3.cxd5
Magnus CarlsenD10Slav Defense: Slav Gambit, Alekhine Attack 1.d4 d5 2.c4 c6 3.Nc3 dxc4 4.e4
Mikhail BotvinnikD11Slav Defense: Modern Line 1.d4 d5 2.c4 c6 3.Nf3
Garry KasparovD11Slav Defense: Bonet Gambit 1.d4 d5 2.c4 c6 3.Nf3 Nf6 4.Bg5
Vladimir KramnikD11Slav Defense: Modern Line 1.d4 d5 2.c4 c6 3.Nf3
Magnus CarlsenD11Slav Defense: Modern Line 1.d4 d5 2.c4 c6 3.Nf3
Vladimir KramnikD12Slav Defense: Exchange Variation, Schallopp Variation 1.d4 d5 2.c4 c6 3.Nf3 Nf6 4.e3 Bf5 5.cxd5 cxd5 6.Nc3
Magnus CarlsenD12Slav Defense: Quiet Variation, Pin Defense 1.d4 d5 2.c4 c6 3.Nf3 Nf6 4.e3 Bg4
Garry KasparovD15Slav Defense: Two Knights Attack 1.d4 d5 2.c4 c6 3.Nf3 Nf6 4.Nc3 dxc4
Vladimir KramnikD15Slav Defense: Alekhine Variation 1.d4 d5 2.c4 c6 3.Nf3 Nf6 4.Nc3 dxc4 5.e3
Magnus CarlsenD15Slav Defense: Alekhine Variation 1.d4 d5 2.c4 c6 3.Nf3 Nf6 4.Nc3 dxc4 5.e3
Garry KasparovD17Slav Defense: Czech Variation 1.d4 d5 2.c4 c6 3.Nf3 Nf6 4.Nc3 dxc4 5.a4 Bf5
Vladimir KramnikD17Slav Defense: Czech Variation, Carlsbad Variation 1.d4 d5 2.c4 c6 3.Nf3 Nf6 4.Nc3 dxc4 5.a4 Bf5 6.Ne5 Nbd7 7.Nxc4 Qc7 8.g3 e5
Magnus CarlsenD17Slav Defense: Czech Variation, Carlsbad Variation 1.d4 d5 2.c4 c6 3.Nf3 Nf6 4.Nc3 dxc4 5.a4 Bf5 6.Ne5 Nbd7 7.Nxc4 Qc7 8.g3 e5
Mikhail BotvinnikD19Queen's Gambit Declined: Slav,Dutch Variation 1.d4 d5 2.c4 c6 3.Nf3 Nf6 4.Nc3 dxc4 5.a4 Bf5 6.e3 e6 7.Bxc4 Bb4 8.O-O
Garry KasparovD19Slav Defense: Czech Variation, Classical System Main Line 1.d4 d5 2.c4 c6 3.Nf3 Nf6 4.Nc3 dxc4 5.a4 Bf5 6.e3 e6 7.Bxc4 Bb4 8.O-O O-O 9.Qe2
Vladimir KramnikD19Slav Defense: Czech Variation, Classical System Main Line 1.d4 d5 2.c4 c6 3.Nf3 Nf6 4.Nc3 dxc4 5.a4 Bf5 6.e3 e6 7.Bxc4 Bb4 8.O-O O-O 9.Qe2
Jose Raul CapablancaD30Queen's Gambit Declined: Capablanca Variation 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 Nf6 4.Bg5 Nbd7 5.e3 c6 6.Nbd2
Alexander AlekhineD30Queen's Gambit Declined: Capablanca Variation 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 Nf6 4.Bg5 Nbd7 5.e3 c6 6.Nbd2
Mikhail BotvinnikD30Queen's Gambit Declined: Capablanca Variation 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 Nf6 4.Bg5 Nbd7 5.e3 c6 6.Nbd2
Tigran PetrosianD30Queen's Gambit Declined: Stonewall Variation 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 Nf6 4.e3 c6 5.Nbd2 Ne4 6.Bd3 f5
Anatoly KarpovD30Queen's Gambit Declined: Capablanca Variation 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 Nf6 4.Bg5 Nbd7 5.e3 c6 6.Nbd2
Garry KasparovD30Queen's Gambit Declined: Capablanca Variation 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 Nf6 4.Bg5 Nbd7 5.e3 c6 6.Nbd2
Vladimir KramnikD30Queen's Gambit Declined: Capablanca Variation 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 Nf6 4.Bg5 Nbd7 5.e3 c6 6.Nbd2
Jose Raul CapablancaD31Queen's Gambit Declined: Queen's Knight Variation 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3
Alexander AlekhineD31Queen's Gambit Declined: Queen's Knight Variation 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3
Mikhail BotvinnikD31Queen's Gambit Declined: Queen's Knight Variation 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3
Tigran PetrosianD31Queen's Gambit Declined: Charousek (Petrosian) Variation 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Be7
Anatoly KarpovD31Queen's Gambit Declined: Semi-Slav, Abrahams Variation 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 c6 4.Nf3 dxc4 5.a4 Bb4 6.e3 b5 7.Bd2 a5
Garry KasparovD31Queen's Gambit Declined: Charousek (Petrosian) Variation 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Be7
Vladimir KramnikD31Queen's Gambit Declined: Queen's Knight Variation 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3
Alexander AlekhineD35Queen's Gambit Declined: Exchange Variation, Positional Variation 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.cxd5 exd5 5.Bg5 c6
Mikhail BotvinnikD35Queen's Gambit Declined: Normal Defense 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6
Tigran PetrosianD35Queen's Gambit Declined: Normal Defense 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6
Anatoly KarpovD35Queen's Gambit Declined: Exchange Variation, Positional Variation 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.cxd5 exd5 5.Bg5 c6
Garry KasparovD35Queen's Gambit Declined: Exchange Variation, Positional Variation 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.cxd5 exd5 5.Bg5 c6
Jose Raul CapablancaD37Queen's Gambit Declined: Harrwitz Attack, Main Line Old Main Line 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Nf3 Be7 5.Bf4 O-O 6.e3 c5 7.dxc5 Bxc5 8.Qc2 Nc6 9.a3 Qa5 10.Rd1
Alexander AlekhineD37Queen's Gambit Declined: Three Knights Variation 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Nf3
Mikhail BotvinnikD37Queen's Gambit Declined: Three Knights Variation 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Nf3
Tigran PetrosianD37Queen's Gambit Declined: Three Knights Variation 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Nf3
Anatoly KarpovD37Queen's Gambit Declined: Harrwitz Attack, Main Line Old Main Line 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Nf3 Be7 5.Bf4 O-O 6.e3 c5 7.dxc5 Bxc5 8.Qc2 Nc6 9.a3 Qa5 10.Rd1
Garry KasparovD37Queen's Gambit Declined: Harrwitz Attack, Main Line 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Nf3 Be7 5.Bf4 O-O 6.e3 c5 7.dxc5 Bxc5
Vladimir KramnikD37Queen's Gambit Declined: Harrwitz Attack, Main Line Old Main Line 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Nf3 Be7 5.Bf4 O-O 6.e3 c5 7.dxc5 Bxc5 8.Qc2 Nc6 9.a3 Qa5 10.Rd1
Jose Raul CapablancaD38Queen's Gambit Declined: Ragozin Defense 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Nf3 Bb4
Mikhail BotvinnikD38Queen's Gambit Declined: Ragozin Defense, Alekhine Variation 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Nf3 Bb4 5.Qa4
Tigran PetrosianD38Queen's Gambit Declined: Ragozin Defense, Alekhine Variation 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Nf3 Bb4 5.Qa4
Anatoly KarpovD38Queen's Gambit Declined: Ragozin Defense, Alekhine Variation 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Nf3 Bb4 5.Qa4
Garry KasparovD38Queen's Gambit Declined: Ragozin Defense, Alekhine Variation 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Nf3 Bb4 5.Qa4
Vladimir KramnikD38Queen's Gambit Declined: Ragozin Defense 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Nf3 Bb4
Jose Raul CapablancaD51Queen's Gambit Declined: Capablanca anti-Cambridge Springs Variation 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 Nbd7 5.e3 c6 6.a3
Alexander AlekhineD51Queen's Gambit Declined: Alekhine Variation 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 Nbd7 5.Nf3 c6 6.e4
Jose Raul CapablancaD52Queen's Gambit Declined: Cambridge Springs Defense: Capablanca Variation 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 Nbd7 5.e3 c6 6.Nf3 Qa5 7.Bxf6
Alexander AlekhineD52Queen's Gambit Declined 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 Nbd7 5.e3 c6 6.Nf3
Max EuweD52Queen's Gambit Declined 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 Nbd7 5.e3 c6 6.Nf3
Jose Raul CapablancaD64Queen's Gambit Declined: Orthodox Defense, Rubinstein Attack 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 Be7 5.e3 O-O 6.Nf3 Nbd7 7.Rc1 c6 8.Qc2 Ne4
Alexander AlekhineD64Queen's Gambit Declined: Orthodox Defense, Rubinstein Attack 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 Be7 5.e3 O-O 6.Nf3 Nbd7 7.Rc1 c6 8.Qc2 a6
Alexander AlekhineD67Queen's Gambit Declined: Orthodox Defense, Alekhine Variation 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 Be7 5.e3 O-O 6.Nf3 Nbd7 7.Rc1 c6 8.Bd3 dxc4 9.Bxc4 Nd5 10.Bxe7 Qxe7 11.Ne4
Max EuweD67Queen's Gambit Declined: Orthodox Defense, Capablanca System 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 Be7 5.e3 O-O 6.Nf3 Nbd7 7.Rc1 c6 8.Bd3 dxc4 9.Bxc4 Nd5
Max EuweD70Gruenfeld Defense: Lutikov Variation, Murey Attack 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 d5 4.f3 c5 6.cxd5 Nxd5 6.Na4
Vladimir KramnikD70Neo-Gruenfeld Defense 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.g3 d5
Anatoly KarpovD85Gruenfeld Defense: Exchange Variation 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 d5 4.cxd5 Nxd5
Vladimir KramnikD85Gruenfeld Defense: Exchange Variation, Modern Exchange Variation 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 d5 4.cxd5 Nxd5 5.e4 Nxc3 6.bxc3 Bg7 7.Nf3
Anatoly KarpovD87Gruenfeld Defense: Exchange Variation, Spassky Variation 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 d5 4.cxd5 Nxd5 5.e4 Nxc3 6.bxc3 Bg7 7.Bc4 O-O 8.Ne2 c5
Vladimir KramnikD87Gruenfeld Defense: Exchange Variation, Spassky Variation 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 d5 4.cxd5 Nxd5 5.e4 Nxc3 6.bxc3 Bg7 7.Bc4 O-O 8.Ne2 c5

Eco Code E

Indian Defences

Tigran PetrosianE12Queen's Indian Defense: Petrosian Variation 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 b6 4.a3
Anatoly KarpovE12Queen's Indian Defense: Kasparov Variation 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 b6 4.Nc3
Garry KasparovE12Queen's Indian Defense: Kasparov Variation 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 b6 4.Nc3
Tigran PetrosianE15Queen's Indian Defense: Fianchetto Traditional 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 b6 4.g3 Bb7
Anatoly KarpovE15Queen's Indian Defense: Fianchetto Variation, Nimzowitsch Variation 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 b6 4.g3 Ba6
Garry KasparovE15Queen's Indian Defense: Fianchetto Variation, Nimzowitsch Variation 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 b6 4.g3 Ba6
Anatoly KarpovE16Queen's Indian Defense: Capablanca Variation 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 b6 4.g3 Bb7 5.Bg2 Bb4+
Garry KasparovE16Queen's Indian Defense: Capablanca Variation 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 b6 4.g3 Bb7 5.Bg2 Bb4+
Tigran PetrosianE17Queen's Indian Defense: Classical Variation 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 b6 4.g3 Bb7 5.Bg2 Be7 6.O-O
Anatoly KarpovE17Queen's Indian Defense: Classical Variation 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 b6 4.g3 Bb7 5.Bg2 Be7 6.O-O
Garry KasparovE17Queen's Indian Defense: Classical Variation, Polugayevsky Gambit 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 b6 4.g3 Bb7 5.Bg2 Be7 6.O-O O-O 7.d5 exd5 8.Nh4
Tigran PetrosianE19Queen's Indian Defense: Classical Variation, Traditional Variation Main Line 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 b6 4.g3 Bb7 5.Bg2 Be7 6.O-O O-O 7.Nc3 Ne4 8.Qc2 Nxc3 9.Qxc3
Anatoly KarpovE19Queen's Indian Defense: Classical Variation, Traditional Variation Main Line 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 b6 4.g3 Bb7 5.Bg2 Be7 6.O-O O-O 7.Nc3 Ne4 8.Qc2 Nxc3 9.Qxc3
Garry KasparovE20Nimzo-Indian Defense: Mikenas Attack 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.Qd3
Magnus CarlsenE20Nimzo-Indian Defense 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4
Boris SpasskyE21Nimzo-Indian Defense: Three Knights Variation, Korchnoi Variation 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.Nf3 c5 5.d5
Garry KasparovE21Nimzo-Indian Defense: Three Knights Variation, Korchnoi Variation 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.Nf3 c5 5.d5
Magnus CarlsenE21Nimzo-Indian Defense: Three knights, Euwe Variation 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.Nf3 c5 5.d5 Ne4
Jose Raul CapablancaE22Nimzo-Indian Defense: Spielmann Variation 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.Qb3
Max EuweE22Nimzo-Indian Defense: Spielmann Variation 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.Qb3
Max EuweE32Nimzo-Indian Defense: Classical Variation 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.Qc2
Garry KasparovE32Nimzo-Indian Defense: Classical Variation 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.Qc2
Magnus CarlsenE32Nimzo-Indian Defense: Classical Variation 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.Qc2
Jose Raul CapablancaE33Nimzo-Indian Defense: Classical Variation, Zurich Variation 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.Qc2 Nc6
Max EuweE33Nimzo-Indian Defense: Classical Variation, Milner-Barry Variation 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.Qc2 Nc6 5.Nf3 d6
Jose Raul CapablancaE34Nimzo-Indian Defense: Classical Variation, Noa Variation 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.Qc2 d5
Max EuweE34Nimzo-Indian Defense: Classical Variation, Noa Variation 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.Qc2 d5
Garry KasparovE34Nimzo-Indian Defense: Classical Variation, Belyavsky Gambit 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.Qc2 d5 5.cxd5 Qxd5 6.Nf3 Qf5 7.Qd1 e5
Jose Raul CapablancaE38Nimzo-Indian Defense: Classical Variation, Berlin Variation 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.Qc2 c5
Max EuweE38Nimzo-Indian Defense: Classical Variation, Berlin Variation 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.Qc2 c5
Mikhail BotvinnikE40Nimzo-Indian Defense: Normal Line 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.e3
Tigran PetrosianE40Nimzo-Indian Defense: Normal Line 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.e3
Tigran PetrosianE46Nimzo-Indian Defense: Normal Variation 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.e3 O-O
Boris SpasskyE46Nimzo-Indian Defense: Normal Variation 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.e3 O-O
Garry KasparovE46Nimzo-Indian Defense: Normal Variation 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.e3 O-O
Tigran PetrosianE54Nimzo-Indian Defense: Panov Attack, Main Line 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.e3 c5 5.Nf3 cxd4 6.exd4 d5
Magnus CarlsenE54Nimzo-Indian Defense: Normal Variation, Gligoric System Smyslov Variation 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.e3 O-O 5.Nf3 d5 6.Bd3 c5 7.O-O dxc4 8.Bxc4 Qe7
Max EuweE60King's Indian Defense: Normal Variation, King's Knight Variation 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nf3
Mikhail BotvinnikE60King's Indian Defense: Fianchetto Variation, Immediate Fianchetto 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.g3
Vasily SmyslovE60Indian Game: Anti-Gruenfeld, Adorjan Gambit 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.d5 b5
Tigran PetrosianE60King's Indian Defense: Fianchetto Variation, Immediate Fianchetto 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.g3
Anatoly KarpovE60King's Indian Defense: Fianchetto Variation, Immediate Fianchetto 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.g3
Max EuweE62King's Indian Defense: Fianchetto Variation, Larsen Defense 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 Bg7 4.Nf3 d6 5.g3 O-O 6.Bg2 c6 7.O-O Bf5
Mikhail BotvinnikE62King's Indian Defense: Fianchetto Variation, Delayed Fianchetto 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 Bg7 4.Nf3 d6 5.g3
Vasily SmyslovE62King's Indian Defense: Fianchetto Variation, Larsen Defense 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 Bg7 4.Nf3 d6 5.g3 O-O 6.Bg2 c6 7.O-O Bf5
Anatoly KarpovE62King's Indian Defense: Fianchetto Variation, Larsen Defense 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 Bg7 4.Nf3 d6 5.g3 O-O 6.Bg2 c6 7.O-O Bf5
Max EuweE67King's Indian Defense: Fianchetto Variation, Classical Fianchetto 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 Bg7 4.Nf3 d6 5.g3 O-O 6.Bg2 Nbd7 7.O-O e5
Mikhail BotvinnikE67King's Indian Defense: Fianchetto Variation, Classical Fianchetto 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 Bg7 4.Nf3 d6 5.g3 O-O 6.Bg2 Nbd7 7.O-O e5
Tigran PetrosianE81King's Indian Defense: Saemisch Variation, Normal Defense 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 Bg7 4.e4 d6 5.f3 O-O
Anatoly KarpovE81King's Indian Defense: Saemisch Variation, Normal Defense 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 Bg7 4.e4 d6 5.f3 O-O
Vladimir KramnikE81King's Indian Defense: Saemisch Variation, Normal Defense 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 Bg7 4.e4 d6 5.f3 O-O
Tigran PetrosianE92King's Indian Defense: Petrosian Variation 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 Bg7 4.e4 d6 5.Nf3 O-O 6.Be2 e5 7.d5
Vladimir KramnikE92King's Indian Defense: Petrosian Variation 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 Bg7 4.e4 d6 5.Nf3 O-O 6.Be2 e5 7.d5

GM's Best Skills

Around year 1920 there was a Soviet study of chess masters that revealed 16 skills and strengths that the master possessed to a high degree.

Garry Kasparov made a summary of the surview:


1) A good reserve of physical strength and good general health
2) Strong nerves
3) Self-control
4) Ability to distribute attention over many factors
5) Ability to perceive dynamic relationships
6) A contemplative turn of mind
7) A high level of intellectual development
8) Ability to think objectively
9) Ability to think concretely
10) A powerful memory for chess matters
11) Powers of synthetical thought and imagination
12) Conbinative ability
13) A disciplined will
14) A highly active intellect
15) Disciplined emotions
16) Self-confidence

 

Preferred first move by Grand Masters

1
Howard Staunton

e4

2
Adolf Anderssen

e4

3
Paul Morphy

e4

4
Wilhelm Steinitz 

e4

5
Johannes Zukertort

e4

6
Emanuel Lasker 

e4

7
Jose Raul Capablanca 

e4 & d4

8
Alexander Alekhine 

e4 & d4

9
Max Euwe 

e4 & d4

10
Mikhail Botvinnik

d4 & c4

11
Vasily Smyslov

e4, c4, d4 & Nf3

12
Mikhail Tal

e4 & c4

13
Tigran Petrosian

d4 & c4

14
Boris Spassky

e4 & d4

15
Robert James (Bobby) Fischer

e4

16
Anatoly Karpov

e4 & d4

17
Garry Kasparov

e4 & d4

18
Vladimir Kramnik

c4, d4 & e4

19
Viswanathan Anand

e4

20
Magnus Carlsen

e4 & d4